Watch out for the first signs of a stroke
In civilized countries, hundreds of thousands of strokes are reported annually. Unfortunately, if you “skip” the first minutes and hours of this formidable disease, the process becomes irreversible … That is why it is so important to know the rules of first aid for stroke
What causes a stroke
There is no single cause of stroke, so it is customary to talk about a set of risk factors that can lead to stroke. First of all, it is, of course, heredity. If a person has “weak” vessels (that is, there is a genetically determined weakness of the connective tissue), he may develop an aneurysm (expansion or stratification of the wall of the vessel that feeds the brain), which, having reached a certain size, may “break” and a hemorrhagic stroke will occur. If a person has a tendency to accumulate “bad” cholesterol, then atherosclerotic plaques will form in his vessels, narrowing the lumen and promoting the formation of blood clots. Risk factors such as smoking, hypertension, arrhythmia, overweight and diabetes mellitus also “work”. Therefore, no one can feel insured against a stroke.
Learning the rules of stroke
“Why do I need them,” you will say, “I’m a completely healthy person, and young people full of vitality are included in the circle of my relatives and friends”. Unfortunately, a stroke is rarely interested in the age of the person to whom it comes. Of course, men over 45 and women over 55 are at risk, but today there are frequent cases of stroke in both 30-year-olds and those who have just turned 25. Moreover, the younger the person, the less expected symptoms he may have. , characteristic of a stroke, and therefore – the longer it will remain without help, and the more sad the consequences of a brain catastrophe may be.
Smile – speak up – raise your hands
Stroke symptoms tend to develop very quickly. The scenario is approximately the same, only the sequence of their occurrence can change. Usually a person starts an attack of a sharp, unbearable headache, he complains that his head is literally “tearing”. The gait may change, it becomes unstable, the person falls, or paresis (numbness) of the muscles of the limbs or face begins. Stroke is characterized by unilateral paresis, when muscle weakness manifests itself only on the left or right side of the body. Because of this, the patient’s mouth seems to “twist” and even his facial features change. Speech becomes less clear – or slows down, or, conversely, the person starts to speak very quickly, but it is not clear. Fog before the eyes, defocusing of the gaze are also possible, it becomes difficult for the patient to formulate his thoughts and choose words.
Doctors recommend memorizing three basic techniques for recognizing stroke symptoms: SMILE – SPELLS – RAISE HANDS (SPL)
- Ask the person to SMILE. With a stroke, the smile is “crooked” because the muscles on one side of the face are much less responsive.
- TALK to him and ask him to answer a simple question, for example: “What is your name?” Usually, at the time of a brain catastrophe, a person cannot even pronounce his name coherently.
- Invite him to RAISE BOTH HANDS at the same time. As a rule, the patient cannot cope with this task, the hands cannot rise one level, since one side of the body obeys worse.