Dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin that can occur as a result of exposure to various factors (mechanical, physical, chemical), and as a result of allergic reactions. In medicine, this term is considered generalized, therefore, when making a diagnosis, a clarification is used that indicates the origin of the disease (for example, “allergic dermatitis”). In this article, we will detail the causes, clinical manifestations and treatments for dermatitis. This drug is effective against some forms of dermatitis:

What is dermatitis

As the name implies (Greek derma – skin, itis – inflammation), dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin. The factors provoking the development of this process are divided into external and internal. The first group includes any external irritant (for example, a chemical), and the second – substances that cause dermatitis when ingested.

How does it look in practice? Suppose that a person gets his hands dirty in fuel oil, tried to wash them with ordinary soap, and, of course, did not achieve the desired result. Then the person wiped off his hands with a cloth soaked in solvent, and after a while he developed inflammation of the skin of the palms and fingers. In this case, both fuel oil and solvent (and, possibly, even soap) could become external irritants. This is a typical picture for contact dermatitis.

Another example is if a person is allergic to egg white and accidentally eats a cream cake. Soon, he develops manifestations of atopic dermatitis, which in medicine is called toxidermia (since the phenomenon arose as a result of ingestion of an allergen).

Dermatitis can also be acute or chronic. The acute form is characterized by a rapid onset and rapid development of the clinical picture, while this form is quite easy to treat. With chronic dermatitis, the opposite is true: the course of the disease is long, accompanied by regular relapses (for example, seasonal exacerbation of allergic dermatitis). Most of the time, symptoms may be mild, but exacerbate when a provoking factor appears.

Dermatitis manifestations
The nuances of the clinical picture (for example, the clarity of the boundaries of the lesion or the severity of redness) can vary depending on the form of dermatitis. However, most types of skin inflammation are characterized by the following symptoms:

the appearance of blisters, blistering rash, cracks and crusts on the skin;
a feeling of heat in the place of the greatest damage to the skin;
pain and itching;
burning sensation of varying severity;
erythema (redness).
Even if 1-2 symptoms from this list appear, you should consult a doctor, because the sooner the cause of dermatitis is identified, the more effective the treatment will be.

Separately, mention should be made of the need for consultation with a specialist for pregnant women. During the period of carrying a child, a woman’s hormonal background changes significantly, due to which many unpleasant complications arise, including dermatitis. At the same time, the doctor should select the drugs, since pregnancy is a contraindication for taking most pharmacological drugs.